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Sighisoara Fortress

Sighisoara, judetul Mures

Sighisoara is a medieval fortress with architectural ensembles made in rural Gothic style, but also in Renaissance and Baroque styles, which are the result of a constructive effort appeared later in t [read more]

Cetate, Categoria: Istoric
8 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Barsana Monastery

judetul Maramures, Maramures

The Monastery “Synaxis of the 12 Holy Apostles" from Barsana is a convent, located at 22 km southeast of the Sighetu Marmatiei city, at the exit of Barsana, to the Slatioara bridge, where t [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios | Biserica, Categoria: Religios
21 x Images
6 x videos
UNESCO

Voronet Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Founded by Stefan cel Mare, Voronet Monastery church dedicated to "St. Gheorghe" is a synthesis of Byzantine and Gothic elements, made in an original manner. With a brilliant ingenuity, with [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
18 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA)

Delta Dunarii, judetul Tulcea

With Romania's adhesion to the Ramsar Convention in 1991, Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA) was recognized as a wetland of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat. Taking into ac [read more]

Parc, Categoria: Natura
12 x Images
0 x videos
UNESCO

Humor Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Situated at a distance of 5 to 6 km of Gura Humorului, Humor Monastery is one of the most famous foundations of the Romanian Middle Ages. It was built in 1530 by Toader Bubuiog, member of the divan of [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
7 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Hurezi (Horezu) Monastery

Horezu, judetul Valcea

Among the historical monasteries, which decorates the Romanian ground, Hurezi Monastery is considered, along with its hermitages, the most representative architecture complex, defining the Brancoveanu [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
9 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

Bologa Fortress

judetul Cluj, Transilvania

AddressLoc. Bologa,

Description

Located in the village of Bologa in Cluj County, the citadel is a Roman castrum, named Resculum. The fortress is the oldest settlement in the area mentioned in documents. It was built around 106 DC, and used as a garrison for II Hispanorum cohort, whose mission was probably Roman border protection.

The Romans tried to strengthen their borders, and in the II century A.D. settlers from Greece were brought, most likely from the area of Patras. The ruins of the camp are visible in present time in a place called 'Gradiste', although a vast part of the area was used for agriculture. Near the camp are also found ruins of Roman baths.

Beside the camp, on the opposite bank of the river Hent there is a fortress, mentioned for many centuries as Sebesvar which appeared on most area maps in the Middle Age. In 1304, at Sepuswar, Bologa Fortress was certified for the first time in documents.

King Sigismund of Luxembourg gave Bologa Fortress and Bran Castle to Mircea the Old, after signing the treaty of alliance against the Ottoman Empire, in Brasov, in 1399.

An essential point on the road that connects with Oradea, Bologa Fortress was used as a refuge for the local population in times of siege. He gained importance in the XVII century, when the Ottomans conquered Oradea and stopped collecting taxes. The Sultan ordered its demolition, but the order could not be accomplished. Bologa Fortress was later destroyed by an explosion. Tower and much of the walls were preserved.

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