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Sighisoara Fortress

Sighisoara, judetul Mures

Sighisoara is a medieval fortress with architectural ensembles made in rural Gothic style, but also in Renaissance and Baroque styles, which are the result of a constructive effort appeared later in t [read more]

Cetate, Categoria: Istoric
8 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Barsana Monastery

judetul Maramures, Maramures

The Monastery “Synaxis of the 12 Holy Apostles" from Barsana is a convent, located at 22 km southeast of the Sighetu Marmatiei city, at the exit of Barsana, to the Slatioara bridge, where t [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios | Biserica, Categoria: Religios
21 x Images
6 x videos
UNESCO

Voronet Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Founded by Stefan cel Mare, Voronet Monastery church dedicated to "St. Gheorghe" is a synthesis of Byzantine and Gothic elements, made in an original manner. With a brilliant ingenuity, with [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
18 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA)

Delta Dunarii, judetul Tulcea

With Romania's adhesion to the Ramsar Convention in 1991, Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA) was recognized as a wetland of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat. Taking into ac [read more]

Parc, Categoria: Natura
12 x Images
0 x videos
UNESCO

Humor Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Situated at a distance of 5 to 6 km of Gura Humorului, Humor Monastery is one of the most famous foundations of the Romanian Middle Ages. It was built in 1530 by Toader Bubuiog, member of the divan of [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
7 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Hurezi (Horezu) Monastery

Horezu, judetul Valcea

Among the historical monasteries, which decorates the Romanian ground, Hurezi Monastery is considered, along with its hermitages, the most representative architecture complex, defining the Brancoveanu [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
9 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

Capalna Fortress

judetul Alba, Transilvania (UNESCO)

AddressLoc. Capalna,

Description

The fortress from Capalna is one of the links in the chain of fortifications on both sides of the Carpathians, which was intended to monitor the main crossings over the mountains. Capalna and Banita are part of the Dacian defensive system, the only fortresses which are not found in the mountains Orastie, the Dacian center. The fortification, located in the region of Capalna village, Alba County, on a hill with steep slopes at a maximum height of 687 meters, appeared quite late in the literature. The toponym "Castle" shows that residents knew of the ruins’ existence.

The upper part of the land, arranged in terraces, is protected by a tower-house from where starts the enclosure wall. The tower-house is situated in front of the saddle, on a platform cut into the rock, of square shape (the side of the wall has 9.50 m and its thickness is of 1.73 m) and has access on the SE side (with a width of 1.26 m). From 1.70 m up, the wall Murus dacicus type, continues approx. 3 meters in low burnt brick; follows the shingle roof.

The enclosure wall of unequal thickness (from 1.50 to 2.50 m) now lasts on most of its length only with one thin wall (the exterior one). The interior thin wall was replaced and is formed of limestone blocks.The perimeter of the Capalna Fortress (and a side wall of the tower-house) measures 280 m.

The main entrance in the fortress is by the tower (6 x 9 m from the outside) from the southern side. On the NE side is found a second entrance framed by two walls. Inside the fortress are see more construction building with wooden walls and the stone tower near the house: on the highest terrace, a wooden lookout tower, a staircase with stone base, a channel and several wooden barracks.

The archaelogical material consists of pottery worked by hand and wheel (including painted with geometric motifs), ornaments of iron, silver and bronze, iron tools, bronze vessels, republican and imperial Roman coins. It can be said about the city Capalna that it was built in the reign of Burebista. Capalna was devastated because of a large fire during the Dacian-Roman wars of the early second century A.D.. The strategic role of the city was to block access by road, starting from Polovragi, passed through Urdele Gorge and down in Somes Valley.

The enclosure wall that goes perpendicular to the SE and NW sides of the tower-house is the main system of fortifications of Capalna Fortress. The total length of the wall amounted to swear by 270 meters. It was partially demolished after the peace concluded following the first Dacian War and then rebuilt in a hurry around the second war.

The main gate of the fortress is situated on the SE side and consists of a tower whose outer wall is the enclosure wall itself. The highest point of elevation within the fortress is found carved in rock on a platform on which rises a tower guard. In the region of Capalna there have been found numerous civil constructions: drainage channels, parapet walls, wooden buildings and traces of sanctuaries, at least two, with rectangular form. It was also revealed pottery in large quantities. I

t can be said that the fortress was strictly military, the researchers comparing the citadel with the one from Piatra Rosie, however less important. Capalna Fortress is included in UNESCO world patrimony.

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