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Sighisoara Fortress

Sighisoara, judetul Mures

Sighisoara is a medieval fortress with architectural ensembles made in rural Gothic style, but also in Renaissance and Baroque styles, which are the result of a constructive effort appeared later in t [read more]

Cetate, Categoria: Istoric
8 x Images
2 x videos

Barsana Monastery

judetul Maramures, Maramures

The Monastery “Synaxis of the 12 Holy Apostles" from Barsana is a convent, located at 22 km southeast of the Sighetu Marmatiei city, at the exit of Barsana, to the Slatioara bridge, where t [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios | Biserica, Categoria: Religios
21 x Images
6 x videos

Voronet Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Founded by Stefan cel Mare, Voronet Monastery church dedicated to "St. Gheorghe" is a synthesis of Byzantine and Gothic elements, made in an original manner. With a brilliant ingenuity, with [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
18 x Images
1 x videos

The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA)

Delta Dunarii, judetul Tulcea

With Romania's adhesion to the Ramsar Convention in 1991, Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA) was recognized as a wetland of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat. Taking into ac [read more]

Parc, Categoria: Natura
12 x Images
0 x videos

Humor Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Situated at a distance of 5 to 6 km of Gura Humorului, Humor Monastery is one of the most famous foundations of the Romanian Middle Ages. It was built in 1530 by Toader Bubuiog, member of the divan of [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
7 x Images
2 x videos

Hurezi (Horezu) Monastery

Horezu, judetul Valcea

Among the historical monasteries, which decorates the Romanian ground, Hurezi Monastery is considered, along with its hermitages, the most representative architecture complex, defining the Brancoveanu [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
9 x Images
1 x videos

Ciceu Fortress Ruins

judetul Bistrita-Nasaud, Transilvania


Ciceu Fortress Ruins - this city was a medieval fortress in Bistrita-Nasaud county region,  in the boundary area of the territories of villages Dumbraveni Ciceu-Corabia, and Ciceu-Giurgesti.

During the Middle Ages was part of Belso-Szolnok County (Solnocul Interior, included in the county of Szolnok-Dabaca in 1876).
The fortress was built at the end of the thirteenth century in a strategic point, on a volcanic hill of 683 meters above sea level, from which comes the name of Ciceu (Hungarian word csúcs = Top).
Diet of Transylvania decided dismantling the fortress in 1544, after which the site became millstones career. The remains are currently in advanced state of damage, and the remaining elements not yet allow determining the chronology.

About the appearance of the building we find out something from the only iconographic testimony, engraving of 1866, which is more a romantic than a rigorous representation of the vestiges of that date.
One of the depicted towers has on the northern side a window in Gothic style, whose shape has been preserved until now.
But the assumption that  the city would have functioned as house is questionable, the tower being filled and with no signs of intervention after 1866. The second tower actually has a different position from that of engraving, being at 4 meters distance from the first tower and being suspended above the cliff.

In the southern part of the city are kept two sections of wall and in the north-east are seen the remains of defensive moat, with an opening of 3-5 meters and a wave of ground built-up in front of it. It is likely that a wall ran from the north-east of the city, until the north-west, where was linked with the Magura hill. This is linked to the city hill by a narrow lap and helped protect the construction from the west. Thickness of walls was likely between 1,3-4 meters. Overall,  the building highlighted a great natural protection system, being very difficult to conquer.

The restoration is difficult to achieve, at least in terms of today. Researchers postulated a polygonal shape bringing as argument the emblem adopted in 1746 by Belso-Szolnok County. This really illustrates a stylized image of the ruined fortresses, fitted with four towers in a square plan, situated on a hill top with a grinder to hem. Although it is possible that the reference was made to the ruins of Ciceu fortress, the precision of a heraldic late illustrations, uncorroborated by other evidence, raise doubts.

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