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Sighisoara Fortress

Sighisoara, judetul Mures

Sighisoara is a medieval fortress with architectural ensembles made in rural Gothic style, but also in Renaissance and Baroque styles, which are the result of a constructive effort appeared later in t [read more]

Cetate, Categoria: Istoric
8 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Barsana Monastery

judetul Maramures, Maramures

The Monastery “Synaxis of the 12 Holy Apostles" from Barsana is a convent, located at 22 km southeast of the Sighetu Marmatiei city, at the exit of Barsana, to the Slatioara bridge, where t [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios | Biserica, Categoria: Religios
21 x Images
6 x videos
UNESCO

Voronet Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Founded by Stefan cel Mare, Voronet Monastery church dedicated to "St. Gheorghe" is a synthesis of Byzantine and Gothic elements, made in an original manner. With a brilliant ingenuity, with [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
18 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA)

Delta Dunarii, judetul Tulcea

With Romania's adhesion to the Ramsar Convention in 1991, Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA) was recognized as a wetland of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat. Taking into ac [read more]

Parc, Categoria: Natura
12 x Images
0 x videos
UNESCO

Humor Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Situated at a distance of 5 to 6 km of Gura Humorului, Humor Monastery is one of the most famous foundations of the Romanian Middle Ages. It was built in 1530 by Toader Bubuiog, member of the divan of [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
7 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Hurezi (Horezu) Monastery

Horezu, judetul Valcea

Among the historical monasteries, which decorates the Romanian ground, Hurezi Monastery is considered, along with its hermitages, the most representative architecture complex, defining the Brancoveanu [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
9 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

Ocna Sibiului Salt Mine

Ocna Sibiului, judetul Sibiu

Description

Ocna Sibiului is a tourist resort located in Sibiu County, in the southern part of Depression of Transylvania (northwest of the Sibiu Depression ) at 15 km north of Sibiu, on Visa river valley, in an area surrounded by secular oak forests and with a basement subsoil in salt.
The first spa was founded here in 1845 and since then, Ocna Sibiului has regained its reputation because of the heliothermal lakes that have formed on some old collapsed salt mines.

On the salt massif there are several salt lakes, on former collapsed mines, many of them having a salt concentration of 260 grams / liter. Avram Iancu Lake (the former mine "Grosse Grube", "Ocna Mare"), has a depth of 132.5 m and is considered the deepest anthropogenic lake in Romania.The temperate climate, the annual temperature much over the average in this part of the country, the air rich in aerosols and the baths renovations have brought again the resort to the fame it once had.

Ocna Sibiului also presents archaeological interest after the discoveries of the tools from the Bronze Age (1900-800 BC), which are exposed to Brukenthal Museum in Sibiu. The salt massif dome is in the shape of an ellipse with the big axis of 1.3 kilometers and the small axis of 0.6 kilometers. Although the salt from Ocna Sibiului has been exploited for a long time (since the Roman period, until 1932), the massif's depth is not known until now, being valued at about 1-1,2 km.

The salt deposit has been exploited since the Roman times, after which the exploitation continued, leading to the formation of large underground caverns, which by their collapse formed many lakes: Horea, Closca, Crisan, Inului (Ocna Iosif), Poporului, Avram Iancu (Grosse Grube, Ocna Mare), Lacul fara Fund (Ocna Francis), Ocnita (Kleine Grube, Ocna Mica), St Ion (Ocna Sf.Ion, Ocna Ioan of Nepomuk), St. Ignat, Dulce, Brancoveanu, Matelor, Trestiilor, Austel, Vrajitoarelor.

Ten of these lakes have salt water and four lake have sweet water, two lakes disappearing in recent decades, by colmation. "Lacul fara Fund" (The bottomless Lake) has an area of 0.2 hectares, being declared a natural reserve. It has a depth of 34.5 m, a diameter of 50 m, the shape is oval and was born following the collapse in 1775 of Ocna Francis. A characteristic feature of salt lakes is the water stratification, the salinity and the temperature.

On the lake's surface is a layer of permanent sweet and deep into the water it is found the layer of salt water which continuously accumulates heat. A fauna specific to the salt environment populates the lake waters and on the shore is developing a rich halophile flora. The difference in temperature and salinity is used for therapeutic purposes.

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