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Probota Monastery

judetul Suceava, Bucovina

Located in Probota, in Suceava County, Probota Monastery was built at the order of Prince of Moldova, Petru Rares. The name of this monastery is of Slavic origin and means "brotherhood". The [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
24 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Wooden Church of Ieud Deal

judetul Maramures, Maramures

Built by the local noble family in the early seventeenth century in Ieud, the old church situated on the hill is a century older than the wooden plain church. The Wooden Church from Ieud Deal represen [read more]

Biserica, Categoria: Religios
10 x Images
0 x videos
UNESCO

Ghelinta - the frescoes of St. Ladislau's legend

Covasna, judetul Covasna

Built in Roman style, the old building of the Roman Catholic Church in the village of Ghelinta was enlarged in the fifteenth century, but the frescoes made in the early fourteenth century were kept in [read more]

Biserica, Categoria: Religios
3 x Images
0 x videos
UNESCO

Saint John the New Monastery

judetul Suceava, Bucovina

Built to face the multitude of believers coming to pray at the relics of Saint John the New (in Rom. Sfantul Ioan cel Nou), Saint John the New Monastery of Suceava is a monastery of monks, which is de [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
18 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

Saint Nicholas Wooden Church

judetul Maramures, Maramures

Built in 1643, Saint Nicholas Wooden Church from Budesti represents an eloquent example of a typical church from Maramures. Representative in this sense is the structure of the monastery: with high in [read more]

Biserica, Categoria: Religios
9 x Images
0 x videos
UNESCO

Calnic Fortress

judetul Alba, Transilvania

The name of the settlement is of Slavic origin, 'kal' or 'Kalinik' (= clay, loamy), being initially taken by the Romanians or the Hungarians, and then by the Sas people. The Sas name of the village is [read more]

Cetate, Categoria: Istoric
3 x Images
4 x videos
UNESCO

Ocna Sibiului Salt Mine

Ocna Sibiului, judetul Sibiu

Description

Ocna Sibiului is a tourist resort located in Sibiu County, in the southern part of Depression of Transylvania (northwest of the Sibiu Depression ) at 15 km north of Sibiu, on Visa river valley, in an area surrounded by secular oak forests and with a basement subsoil in salt.
The first spa was founded here in 1845 and since then, Ocna Sibiului has regained its reputation because of the heliothermal lakes that have formed on some old collapsed salt mines.

On the salt massif there are several salt lakes, on former collapsed mines, many of them having a salt concentration of 260 grams / liter. Avram Iancu Lake (the former mine "Grosse Grube", "Ocna Mare"), has a depth of 132.5 m and is considered the deepest anthropogenic lake in Romania.The temperate climate, the annual temperature much over the average in this part of the country, the air rich in aerosols and the baths renovations have brought again the resort to the fame it once had.

Ocna Sibiului also presents archaeological interest after the discoveries of the tools from the Bronze Age (1900-800 BC), which are exposed to Brukenthal Museum in Sibiu. The salt massif dome is in the shape of an ellipse with the big axis of 1.3 kilometers and the small axis of 0.6 kilometers. Although the salt from Ocna Sibiului has been exploited for a long time (since the Roman period, until 1932), the massif's depth is not known until now, being valued at about 1-1,2 km.

The salt deposit has been exploited since the Roman times, after which the exploitation continued, leading to the formation of large underground caverns, which by their collapse formed many lakes: Horea, Closca, Crisan, Inului (Ocna Iosif), Poporului, Avram Iancu (Grosse Grube, Ocna Mare), Lacul fara Fund (Ocna Francis), Ocnita (Kleine Grube, Ocna Mica), St Ion (Ocna Sf.Ion, Ocna Ioan of Nepomuk), St. Ignat, Dulce, Brancoveanu, Matelor, Trestiilor, Austel, Vrajitoarelor.

Ten of these lakes have salt water and four lake have sweet water, two lakes disappearing in recent decades, by colmation. "Lacul fara Fund" (The bottomless Lake) has an area of 0.2 hectares, being declared a natural reserve. It has a depth of 34.5 m, a diameter of 50 m, the shape is oval and was born following the collapse in 1775 of Ocna Francis. A characteristic feature of salt lakes is the water stratification, the salinity and the temperature.

On the lake's surface is a layer of permanent sweet and deep into the water it is found the layer of salt water which continuously accumulates heat. A fauna specific to the salt environment populates the lake waters and on the shore is developing a rich halophile flora. The difference in temperature and salinity is used for therapeutic purposes.

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