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Sighisoara Fortress

Sighisoara, judetul Mures

Sighisoara is a medieval fortress with architectural ensembles made in rural Gothic style, but also in Renaissance and Baroque styles, which are the result of a constructive effort appeared later in t [read more]

Cetate, Categoria: Istoric
8 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Barsana Monastery

judetul Maramures, Maramures

The Monastery “Synaxis of the 12 Holy Apostles" from Barsana is a convent, located at 22 km southeast of the Sighetu Marmatiei city, at the exit of Barsana, to the Slatioara bridge, where t [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios | Biserica, Categoria: Religios
21 x Images
6 x videos
UNESCO

Voronet Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Founded by Stefan cel Mare, Voronet Monastery church dedicated to "St. Gheorghe" is a synthesis of Byzantine and Gothic elements, made in an original manner. With a brilliant ingenuity, with [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
18 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA)

Delta Dunarii, judetul Tulcea

With Romania's adhesion to the Ramsar Convention in 1991, Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA) was recognized as a wetland of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat. Taking into ac [read more]

Parc, Categoria: Natura
12 x Images
0 x videos
UNESCO

Humor Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Situated at a distance of 5 to 6 km of Gura Humorului, Humor Monastery is one of the most famous foundations of the Romanian Middle Ages. It was built in 1530 by Toader Bubuiog, member of the divan of [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
7 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Hurezi (Horezu) Monastery

Horezu, judetul Valcea

Among the historical monasteries, which decorates the Romanian ground, Hurezi Monastery is considered, along with its hermitages, the most representative architecture complex, defining the Brancoveanu [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
9 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

Parliament Palace

Bucuresti, Muntenia

Phone021 3160300
021 4021111
AddressIzvor, 2-4

Description

Palace of Parliament (House of People) - (1984-1989), is considered to be the most imposing administrative building in Europe. The Palace includes hundreds of offices, dozens of reception salons or for scientific, cultural or social events, political, dozens of conference rooms.

As surface, Parliament House building totals 265,000 square meters inside and holds, with its monumentality, the second place in the world after the Pentagon building in Washington and third place in the world in terms of volume, after Cape Canaveral (USA) , in which cosmic rockets are built and after Quetzalcoatl pyramid in Mexico.

The Parliament Palace began to be built during the presidency of Nicolae Ceausescu. He wanted the construction of a building-monument which will stand out through luxury: huge marble staircases, ceiling with laced ornaments, whole rows of crystal chandeliers and lamps, Carpets made on special orders, furniture for these beauties, mosaics in special colors, richly carved doors and more. At the 1989 Revolution the Parliament had the outside finished and several rooms. The work continued until 1997 when it receives the name of the Parliament Palace.

After 1989, the halls of the palace took names of important events in the history of Romania or of famous personalities in the world. Many of the names are related to the desire of the Romanian people to unite and to the Romanian parliamentary history.

Entry September 13 comprises a large hall, flanked by carved marble columns, connected to the monumental staircase that leads to the first floor, the staircase being open to all levels, creating a spectacular space.

Above the stairs you can see a blue glass dome and a chandelier.
The staircase that leads to the first floor masterly copies the one from the Winter Palace - Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg. With a height of 30 m and 27 m wide the staircase leads to the presidential offices, the Office of the President of the Senate today. Inside the hall there are two receipt salons symmetrically arranged from the entry.

The Hall of Human Rights
has an area of 625 square meters and was thought by the old regime as the hall where the meetings of the Political Executive Committee would have taken place.
The room is completely covered with oak wood of different colors.

Hall of Human Rights has as main feature the module that consists of two pillars of oak, which repeats at a pace of 6 m along the entire perimeter of the room, element met in the Italian Renaissance architecture. On the outside side there are 5windows with frames strongly marked with wood carvings. Extra elements in this room are the plaster mirrors with stucco ornaments. The ceiling is full of stucco elements framed by a square made of a series of wooden boxes, each one having a lighting lamp.

The monumental chandelier, crystal from Medias, the second largest in the building (about 2 tons) and the circular table (oak model with cherry wood) forme a body to this room. As architectural style, this room is a representative for the Renaissance, combined with traditional elements of Romanian architecture.

The room’s background was supposed to be used to mount the Romanian map. This is different from the rest of the decorative treatment, having panels fully paneled and carved in wood.

The circular table has 60 chairs around it perfectly identical, made of oak and velvet trim. President Nicolae Ceausescu's plan was to build a different chair, with upholstery made of gold and silver, a chair which will dominate the others, situated higher than the others, near the Romanian map.

The Official Entry Hall is a long corridor of 150 m and 18 m wide, with sliding oak doors in three distinct areas, with glass crystal, built on iron structure.

The Hall of Fame leads to the key areas of the building. Located in the east side of the Palace, Hall of Fame is open to Union Square.
As finishing, the architectural style used is the Brancoveanu one, with ceilings made of plaster and stucco with floral elements.
The floor from the central area is imagined as a great carpet, beige with white marble and deer, and a border of decorative elements, composition which has Ruschita white marble, Caprioara beige and Moneasa red and black.

Then the 34 columns supporting the arches are built of white marble, with carved decorative elements and have an octagonal form. Here it has been used the Ruschita pink marble. The gallery is enlightened by 14 windows and gates-windows and at night by 67 crystal chandeliers.
The decor takes in every side of the Gallery of Honor the plan of Zone 1 of the House of Parliament.
An interesting element is the two sliding doors that separate the three sections. These doors are done in oak, on metallic structure with glass crystal decorations that have wood applications.
The radiator niches are hidden using masks made of brass with floral elements, made all after Brancoveanu architectural style. The lighting lamps are made of brass and Medias crystal. Curtains and carpets are made in shades of English Siena red.
This gallery intersects with the official entry from Unirii Boulevard. Here are two monumental stairs, each one with a window 16 m high, covered with curtains that are washed by hand, each weighing about 250 kg.

This part of the Palace (both Hall of Fame and scale) has been restored more than 5 times because the president of that time, Nicolae Ceausescu, wanted to see custom made 1:1 scale models. The stairs have a step height of only 14-16 cm, specially designed for leaders who would get tired going up. They lead to the 1st floor of the palace, where it is the AI Cuza hall, the meeting hall of the Chamber of Deputies etc.

Nicolae Balcescu Hall
is named after the great Romanian politician, historian, thinker and revolutionary democrat who was Nicolae Balcescu (1819-1852).
It has Greek columns with simple capitals, of bronze, without acanthus leaves or other decorations. For these columns it was used the Ruschita pink marble and the chandeliers and the lamps are designed by architects and made by plastic artists in Medias.
Of an unique beauty we can observe the of silk curtains made at Sighisoara in brocade technique and the flourished carpet realized at Cisnadie.

In this hall you can find Mahogany wood, the only material that is not Romanian origin, very valuable. The mahogany was the gift of Ceausescu friend, Mobutu Sese Seko, president of the State Zaire (now Democratic Republic of the Congo).

The Nicolae Iorga Hall bears the name of Nicolae Iorga (1871 - 1940), historian, orator, politician and writer, member of the Romanian Academy, Prime Minister in 1930.
The room is decorated with oak. The cassettes of wooden poles are wrapped with silk, material with which are made the curtains.
The furniture is art-deco (style monument in the mid '20-'30, long considered as an extension of Art Nouveau and Jugend’s time).

The walls have pictures of great personalities such as Margareta Sterian – “Stylized flowers "and" Bowl with flowers ", Nicolae Blei -" Bowl with flowers and Flower Table", "Autumn in Andriasu", "Flowers" and "Spring in Andriasu "(post-impressionist), Gheorghe Simion - "Chrysanthemums with violin"(realism art from 1900), Zamfir Dumitrescu - "Flowers in the autumn landscape"(Flemish painting style)
The most imposing room of the Palace of Parliament, with a height of approx. 20 m and an area of 2040 sqm is A.I. Cuza Hall, named after the Ruler of Moldavia and the Romanian Country, finished before 1989.

Situated in the main palace, with opening through a large balcony to the Constitution Square and Union Blvd, A.I. Cuza Hall is representative for the eclectic style with a pink background, and presenting as an essential element the column engaged in capital in Corinthian style .

The columns are of white marble Ruschita. The ceiling is carved in the vault (chandelier hidden) and comprises 7 skylights fast, plated with gold. The luxury of this room is given by the velvet curtains of brocade embroidered with gold thread.

Hall Ion I.C. Bratianu
, located on the axis of the palace, on the ground floor, impresses with exceptional luminosity thanks to the two interior courtyards that surround it, intensified by the lamps that reproduce the chandeliers of age.
The room is made up of a central space with an opening of 42 m bordered on two sides giving in the two yards through two side ships of 6 m. The central space is separated by side spaces by a series of free columns, dressed in marble.

The hall presents marble decorative elements combined with stucco on the walls and ceiling.
The ceiling has a circular scoop tangent to the central square, and is decorated with a large rosette that has a impressive chandelier in the middle.  Also within the circular perimeter rosettes there are smaller chandeliers suspended.

The composition is similar to the ceiling’s principles, it having a large rosette, centered, consisting of geometric elements of different kinds of marble quarries, all local.
The red velvet curtains with gold and silver thread, with trimmings and tassels are embroidered by nuns in Varatec and Agapia monasteries.

The Palace has a room inside it which generally serves at the organization of fairs, exhibitions, cocktails, Hall Tache Ionescu who continues with the Union Hall.

From Ion I.C. Bratianu Hall hall we enter a space buffer containing vertical movements, stairs and elevators for access to Union Hall, considered the foyer of the hall itself.
The foyer, bordered by two vertical circulation nodes, has an opening of 42 m and is between two colonnades and two side vessels of 6 m.
The colonnades are made of white marble, like the five-door access frames in the Union Hall. The decoration used sends to the Oriental art styles, having both ceiling and the remaining elements of stucco made in this way.

Noteworthy are the monumental doors with very rich carved arches . Since this room does not enjoy natural light, lighting is done with the 12 chandeliers and 26 lamps of Medias crystal.
The ceiling is covered with a gold foil and through its holes moves the natural air.

Union Hall
was originally named the "banquet hall", which brought with it a fatuous architectural style. The interior space is the most comprehensive (and is second in height) of the International Conference Center rooms, exceptional, from the entire palace.

Union Hall comprises a large central vessel (18/54m), with a central skylight with cast aluminum ornaments, coated with gold and two side ships (6x42m), separated by two colonnades.
The main vessel has an average height of 15m, and the two on the side have 12.50 m with ceilings solved with intersections of cylinders.

The columns are made of white marble of Ruschita, Romanian-style groove and Corinthian capitel. The plaster walls have mirrors with frames of richly decorated white marble from Ruschita.
Backgrounds are treated almost identically, decorated with a very strong spring and the field of white marble. The ceiling is made of glass. Union Hall is opening to the park, through some doors that have windows and ornaments of 8m tall stainless steel.

The core of the room is occupied by a huge carpet which stretches over an area of 1,100 sqm. It was made especially for this room and show similar items to the sets of the room. With a weight of about 3t the rug is hand washable and requires 35 people to perform. It is not always displayed in the hall as it is commonly used at the fairs, national and international exhibitions.

Rosetti hall is the International Conference Center show room; along with Union Hall hosts numerous events, conferences, concerts, plays.
The Hall is representative for the cubist style, art-deco (seats) in the golden ocher, architecture which gives the room a certain intimacy. The room is dominated by a colossal chandelier, the most important of the entire palace.

In front of Parliament House we can find the Constitution Square (which usually hosts performances, parades, celebrations), a starting point to Union Boulevard. It is sprinkled with large and small fountains with sculptures in stone and whose aesthetic level has attracted many disputes.

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