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Sighisoara Fortress

Sighisoara, judetul Mures

Sighisoara is a medieval fortress with architectural ensembles made in rural Gothic style, but also in Renaissance and Baroque styles, which are the result of a constructive effort appeared later in t [read more]

Cetate, Categoria: Istoric
8 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Barsana Monastery

judetul Maramures, Maramures

The Monastery “Synaxis of the 12 Holy Apostles" from Barsana is a convent, located at 22 km southeast of the Sighetu Marmatiei city, at the exit of Barsana, to the Slatioara bridge, where t [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios | Biserica, Categoria: Religios
21 x Images
6 x videos
UNESCO

Voronet Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Founded by Stefan cel Mare, Voronet Monastery church dedicated to "St. Gheorghe" is a synthesis of Byzantine and Gothic elements, made in an original manner. With a brilliant ingenuity, with [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
18 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA)

Delta Dunarii, judetul Tulcea

With Romania's adhesion to the Ramsar Convention in 1991, Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA) was recognized as a wetland of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat. Taking into ac [read more]

Parc, Categoria: Natura
12 x Images
0 x videos
UNESCO

Humor Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Situated at a distance of 5 to 6 km of Gura Humorului, Humor Monastery is one of the most famous foundations of the Romanian Middle Ages. It was built in 1530 by Toader Bubuiog, member of the divan of [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
7 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Hurezi (Horezu) Monastery

Horezu, judetul Valcea

Among the historical monasteries, which decorates the Romanian ground, Hurezi Monastery is considered, along with its hermitages, the most representative architecture complex, defining the Brancoveanu [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
9 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

Sarmizegetusa Regia - capital of the Dacian kingdom

judetul Hunedoara, Transilvania (UNESCO)

Phone0728 025694
0254 776418
AddressLoc. Gradistea Muncelului,
Fax0254 776418
Contact personDr. Gica Baiestean

Description

Sarmizegetusa Regia (the regal), the old capital of pre-Roman Dacia, is situated in the village Gradistea Muncelului, Hunedoara County. The name of Sarmizegetusa is mentioned in ancient inscriptions and ancient authors (until VII century) and other variants (with inscription in Latin and Elina): Zarmizeghethousa, Sarmireg, Sarmizge, (Colonia Ulpia Traiana Augusta Dacica) Zarmitz, Sarmazege, Sarmizege, etc.

It is possible that the name is of Dacian origin, but was maintained only in various phonetic forms of Greek and Latin. The Dacian Fortress Sarmizegetusa is part of UNESCO World Heritage monuments. The Castle on Dealul Gradistei is the largest Dacian building. Situated on top of a cliff at 1,200 meters high, the fortress was a strategic point of Dacian defense in Orastie Mountains and included six citadels.

The fortress, with a quadrilateral shape made of stone blocks (Murus dacicus), was built on five terraces, which covered an area of approximately 30,000 square meters. Also, the fortress had inside a sacred area. Among the most valuable Dacian large circular sanctuaries is the Circular Calendar.

The fortress wall was 3 m thick and had a height of about 4 to 5 m when its building was finished. Since the wall that separates an area of about 3 hectares was built-up so that met height edges, the city had a weird look, of hexagon with unequal sides. Nearby, to the west, over an area of 3 km, was a civil settlement, which had many homes, workshops, warehouses, barns, water tanks.

At 100 meters to the east, in front of the city gate, of the same cardinal point, there are the sanctuaries of various shapes and sizes. The sanctuaries were located on a terrace, connecting the gate mentioned above, by a paved road.

There are only two circular shrines. There is a pavement of andesite in the form of sun with the rays composed of segments of a circle. The small objects, found in Gradistea Muncelului, have different shapes and sizes. Impress a container with an inscription with letters of the Latin alphabet, " DECEBALVS PER SCORILO", some limestone blocks with Greek letters and gold coins with the inscription "KOSON".

Civilians lived near the fortress, on the terraces built at the foot of the mountain. The Dacian nobility had water in their residences, brought through ceramic pipes. Archaeological evidence found at the site demonstrates that Dacian society had a high standard of living.

The Dacian capital reached its peak under the leadership of Decebal, the Dacian King was defeated by the Roman Empire after two wars (101-102 and 105-106), (in accordance with the latest discoveries, in the year 107 had taken place the last battle, in the Transylvanian plateau), led by Emperor Traian.

After defeating the Dacians, the conquerors brought a military garrison in the city and began to demolish the city. The new Roman capital, Colonia Ulpia Traiana Augusta Dacica Sarmizegetusa was built at a distance of 40 km of Sarmizegetusa Regia.
Emperor Hadrian wanted that the new capital built by Traian to be seen as a continuative of the Dacian capital, that’s why he added the name of Sarmizegetusa. Today, on the place of Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa is the Sarmizegetusa township.

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