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Sighisoara Fortress

Sighisoara, judetul Mures

Sighisoara is a medieval fortress with architectural ensembles made in rural Gothic style, but also in Renaissance and Baroque styles, which are the result of a constructive effort appeared later in t [read more]

Cetate, Categoria: Istoric
8 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Barsana Monastery

judetul Maramures, Maramures

The Monastery “Synaxis of the 12 Holy Apostles" from Barsana is a convent, located at 22 km southeast of the Sighetu Marmatiei city, at the exit of Barsana, to the Slatioara bridge, where t [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios | Biserica, Categoria: Religios
21 x Images
6 x videos
UNESCO

Voronet Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Founded by Stefan cel Mare, Voronet Monastery church dedicated to "St. Gheorghe" is a synthesis of Byzantine and Gothic elements, made in an original manner. With a brilliant ingenuity, with [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
18 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA)

Delta Dunarii, judetul Tulcea

With Romania's adhesion to the Ramsar Convention in 1991, Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA) was recognized as a wetland of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat. Taking into ac [read more]

Parc, Categoria: Natura
12 x Images
0 x videos
UNESCO

Humor Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Situated at a distance of 5 to 6 km of Gura Humorului, Humor Monastery is one of the most famous foundations of the Romanian Middle Ages. It was built in 1530 by Toader Bubuiog, member of the divan of [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
7 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Hurezi (Horezu) Monastery

Horezu, judetul Valcea

Among the historical monasteries, which decorates the Romanian ground, Hurezi Monastery is considered, along with its hermitages, the most representative architecture complex, defining the Brancoveanu [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
9 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

St. Grigorie Decapolitul Cave or Bat Cave

Horezu, judetul Valcea

Description

St. Grigorie Decapolitul or Bat Cave hosts two old churches: The Church St. Archangels and Church Ovidenia. The cave is on the right versant of Bistritei Gorges, at 630 m absolute altitude and relative altitude of 80 m, access being facilitated by a path arranged with railings, which goes up behind the monastery Bistrita (15 minutes). It is easy to cover and doesn't require special equipment, but only sources of light, being only partially electrified. (C. Goran, 1983)

Bat Cave
is mentioned for the first time in 1929 in documents by Emil Racovita and biological and speological researches were made in 1951 and 1955. The cave digged by Bistrita river waters, has three openings, all East oriented, of which only the south one is accessible. It has a development of about 400 m and a negative unevenness of about 15 m. The small opening leads us into a narrow lane, short and well ventilated.

After a suspended huge block you enter in the superior level of  the cave, consisting of a short corridor. If you continue the road forward, after a lower staircase, you reached the lower level. This is represented by a large gallery, which continues to the left, downward.

In the left wall there is a small church (Ovidenia), partly built, partly carved in the rock, dating from the XVII th century and represents the secret place where they were hidding the valuable objects of Bistrita Monastery and relics of St. Grigorie Decapolitul in times of stress. (C. Goran, 1983)

The gallery continues downward, to the right (change in direction of almost 180 degrees), you pass through a high room where is a large colony of bats, and after that remifies in three segments over a short distance, reaches to the big opening of the cave. From the staircase where the cave ramifies, you can go down another stair to the right, where you reach at the big opening of the cave, the lower level being in fact a circuit.

The front of the big opening is located a church (St. Archangels), built by monks Daniil and Macarie in 1635. Next staircase, following the gallery on the right, slightly upward, you get in the middle of the cave, represented by a linear gallery, started wide and high, increasingly tighter and shorter as you go ahead towards west, finishing with two small water basins.

Presenting more openings, it has a dynamic character, being ventilated all year long, so the amplitude of thermal variation is high, for example, reaching 16.5 degrees C in Bat Room, (the average temperature is 2.5 degrees C in winter and the summer period increases it to 14 degrees C).

More hummid and with a constant temperature (ranging between 10 - 13 degrees C) are the two galleries that make up the middle and upper levels of the cave. On the galleries' floor, where colonies of bats stay on the ceiling, there are guano deposits, reaching a thickness of 1.70 m, where exists a very rich fauna.

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