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Sighisoara Fortress

Sighisoara, judetul Mures

Sighisoara is a medieval fortress with architectural ensembles made in rural Gothic style, but also in Renaissance and Baroque styles, which are the result of a constructive effort appeared later in t [read more]

Cetate, Categoria: Istoric
8 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Barsana Monastery

judetul Maramures, Maramures

The Monastery “Synaxis of the 12 Holy Apostles" from Barsana is a convent, located at 22 km southeast of the Sighetu Marmatiei city, at the exit of Barsana, to the Slatioara bridge, where t [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios | Biserica, Categoria: Religios
21 x Images
6 x videos
UNESCO

Voronet Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Founded by Stefan cel Mare, Voronet Monastery church dedicated to "St. Gheorghe" is a synthesis of Byzantine and Gothic elements, made in an original manner. With a brilliant ingenuity, with [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
18 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA)

Delta Dunarii, judetul Tulcea

With Romania's adhesion to the Ramsar Convention in 1991, Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA) was recognized as a wetland of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat. Taking into ac [read more]

Parc, Categoria: Natura
12 x Images
0 x videos
UNESCO

Humor Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Situated at a distance of 5 to 6 km of Gura Humorului, Humor Monastery is one of the most famous foundations of the Romanian Middle Ages. It was built in 1530 by Toader Bubuiog, member of the divan of [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
7 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Hurezi (Horezu) Monastery

Horezu, judetul Valcea

Among the historical monasteries, which decorates the Romanian ground, Hurezi Monastery is considered, along with its hermitages, the most representative architecture complex, defining the Brancoveanu [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
9 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Bastion Fortress of Alba Iulia

Alba-Iulia, judetul Alba

AddressUnirii

Description

The Bastion Fortress of Alba Iulia was built between 1714-1738, being considered the most representative type of Vauban bastion fortification in our country.

The fortress' blueprint was drawn by Italian architect Giovanni Morando Visconti, led by Gen. Stephen Steinville, then completed by Gen. Weiss. The construction works began on 4 November 1715, when the basement of the Carol Bastion, dedicated to the Emperor, was set up on the north side of the fortress. It was named the "capital fortification at Alba Iulia in Transylvania Principality" in Weiss's project.

Between the XVIII-XIX centuries, the fortress fulfilled the roles of military center of Transylvania and deposit of arms. The walls' perimeter is approximately 12 kilometers, these having been raised using 20,000 serfs. This touristic site is composed of seven bastions (Eugeniu of Savoy, Saint Stephen, the Trinity, Saint Michael, Saint Charles, Saint Capistrano, Saint Elizabeth) which gave the fortress its stelar appearance, typical to these kinds of structures.

The largest of the bastions is the Trinity one, measuring 116 and 135 m and which has placed in its center a coat of arms crowned with multiple fields and acanthi leaves. The walls are built of brick, stone and the ruins of the Roman stronghold, measuring 3 m at the base and 1.20 m at the top and is supported by buttresses to neutralize the earth's pressure. The entry is via the six gates, decorated with statues and reliefs by a team of sculptors led by Konig Johhan.

Designing and building the fortress resulted in the street's network rearrangement, so they built the six gates, three towards the city and the three other towards the instruction field in the west. The fortress is impressive both for its decorative beauty and the six gates of fortification, which are unique in the entire European military architecture. Undoubtedly, the source of inspiration for the artists was the ancient mythology, sculptors like Johann Konig, Johann Vischer and Giuseppe Tencalla having worked on the decoration.

We can say that the Bastion fortress of Alba Iulia is the most significant body of Baroque figurative plastic in Transylvania. Events of the great importance for the history of the Romanian people have taken place between its walls: the epilogue of Horea's revolt and Great Union of Transylvania with Romania on December 1st 1918.

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