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Sighisoara Fortress

Sighisoara, judetul Mures

Sighisoara is a medieval fortress with architectural ensembles made in rural Gothic style, but also in Renaissance and Baroque styles, which are the result of a constructive effort appeared later in t [read more]

Cetate, Categoria: Istoric
8 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Barsana Monastery

judetul Maramures, Maramures

The Monastery “Synaxis of the 12 Holy Apostles" from Barsana is a convent, located at 22 km southeast of the Sighetu Marmatiei city, at the exit of Barsana, to the Slatioara bridge, where t [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios | Biserica, Categoria: Religios
21 x Images
6 x videos
UNESCO

Voronet Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Founded by Stefan cel Mare, Voronet Monastery church dedicated to "St. Gheorghe" is a synthesis of Byzantine and Gothic elements, made in an original manner. With a brilliant ingenuity, with [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
18 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA)

Delta Dunarii, judetul Tulcea

With Romania's adhesion to the Ramsar Convention in 1991, Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA) was recognized as a wetland of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat. Taking into ac [read more]

Parc, Categoria: Natura
12 x Images
0 x videos
UNESCO

Humor Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Situated at a distance of 5 to 6 km of Gura Humorului, Humor Monastery is one of the most famous foundations of the Romanian Middle Ages. It was built in 1530 by Toader Bubuiog, member of the divan of [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
7 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Hurezi (Horezu) Monastery

Horezu, judetul Valcea

Among the historical monasteries, which decorates the Romanian ground, Hurezi Monastery is considered, along with its hermitages, the most representative architecture complex, defining the Brancoveanu [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
9 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Museum of History and Archeology

Piatra Neamt, judetul Neamt

Phone0233 217496
AddressMihai Eminescu, 10
Fax0233 218108
Emailcmj@neamt.ro

Description

The Museum of History and Archeology has its beginnings in the years after WWI, when Professor Mihai Stamatin held Cozla museum inside the high school "Petru Rares", current museum of history and archeology in Piatra Neamt. This is the result of laborious activity of several generations of specialists, among whom the principal place is occupied by Constantin Matas.

Museum of Piatra-Neamt has made substantial contribution in the research of Cucuteni culture, but also to research other historical eras, through its outside collaborators and by hiring and training their own specialists. The permanent exhibition illustrates the evolution of human communities in this area since the Upper Paleolithic and until contemporary times.

Room 1 contains the most significant discoveries of Paleolithic, Mesolithic, early and middle Neolithic. There are exposed discoveries belonging to the Roman Era (Ceahlau - "Cetatuie ", Bistricioara - "Lutarie") etc. For early and middle Neolithic (Starcevo-Cris culture, culture of Linear Ceramics and Precucuteni) are remarkable the discoveries of Oglinzi, Lunca, Tarpesti, Grumazesti, Traian- "Dealul Fantanilor" and "Dealul-Viei", Ghigoiesti, Izvoare, Poduri etc. Forming the continuity to a higher level of the last phase of evolution of culture Precucuteni, which was completed with some influences of cultures Gumelnita, Petresti, Cucuteni culture is considered the most important civilization of ancient Europe.

With an evolution of approximately one millennium (3600-2500 BC), Cucuteni culture is distinguished primarily by painted pottery with spiral motifs, meanders or rings. Some anthropomorphic representations, although they are outlined, gives the pottery a very high artistic value. Characteristics of Cucuteni spirituality, highlighted by the numerous anthropomorphic and zoomorphic statues of burnt clay or ronde-bosse, which can be said to belong to the sculpture. Research has shown that this culture was born in a very limited area of central Subcarpathians of Moldova, which corresponds mostly to the current territory of Neamt county.

In the 2-8th halls of the museum are presented all three stages of evolution of this culture, focusing on the characteristics of the discoveries from Izvoare - Piatra-Neamt, Bodesti – ’’Frumusica", Calu, Tarpesti, Raucesti, Poduri, Traian - "Dealul Fantanilor", Ghelaiesti, Valeni - Piatra-Neamt, Girov, Lunca, Podei. Investigations conducted over more than 60 years have allowed, in addition to compiling the richest museum collections in the entire area once occupied by the complex Ariusd-Cucuteni-Tripolie, the accumulation of a large volume of information on which issues were clarified in connection with sequence of three phases of evolution and timing of culture.

The findings on Cucuteni culture displayed in showcases of the museum in Piatra-Neamt are completely in accordance with the situation in the field of Neamt County, being currently registered more than 150 archaeological sites. Wealth of the vestiges in the field, its outstanding heritage and tradition of investigations prompted the creation of the Research Center of Culture Cucuteni.

Related to the classical age of evolution of the Geto-Dacian civilization should be noted that Piatra-Neamt museum had a special contribution to research of resorts of Batca Doamnei, Cozla and Calu. Using archaeological evidence found in such sites and data written by the geographer Ptolemy in his famous book "Geography", the current Piatra Neamt city identifies with ancient Petrodava.

Emphasizing the Carps culture is pursued in close correlation with two very important factors: first the process of Romanization and integration in the Dacian-Roman context predominantly in north of the Danube and on the other hand, the settlements Santana de Mures presence.

The history segment contained between V-VII centuries AD, known in specialty literature as the formation period of the Romanian people, illustrated by settlements Manoaia, Costisa, Tarpesti, Sabaoani, Izvoare-Bahna, Borseni and especially Davideni, the latter being the biggest of the village communities documented in the eastern Carpathian space. Of the 90 settlements and cemeteries from which were discovered vestiges of the Noua Culture, we note the sites in Ciritei, Doina, Sabaoani, Tarpesti, Davideni, Oglinzi, Raucesti etc., from where come the exhibition materials in hall 10.

For the eighth and ninth centuries, particularly important are the settlements of Brasauti, Bornis, Izvoare-Bahna and Poiana Dulcesti, belonging to a cultural horizon that underlines the transformation of local material culture to civilization of type Dridu of X-XI centuries. For the XII-XIII centuries data are insufficient, consequence of the few systematic excavations, but since the fourteenth century materials are more numerous. Following the archaeological research carried out on Batca Doamnei were identified some civil houses and a church, as the investigations held in Netezi and Giulesti indicated the presence of mansions courtyards and peasant households.

Systematic investigations that have been conducted in different areas of Neamt county allowed the discovery of rural settlements such as those in Bornis-Malesti-Obarsia and Negoiesti, Cordun, Negresti-Dolhesti, Sabaoani, Corni-Strambi, etc., which added to Piatra lui Craciun, Roman, Neamt replenishes the image of the Romanian society in the Middle Ages.
Rooms 17 and 19 of the museum illustrate important aspects of economic, social and cultural evolution of Neamt County, during the Middle Ages, being recorded the most significant events that happened on this land.

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