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Sighisoara Fortress

Sighisoara, judetul Mures

Sighisoara is a medieval fortress with architectural ensembles made in rural Gothic style, but also in Renaissance and Baroque styles, which are the result of a constructive effort appeared later in t [read more]

Cetate, Categoria: Istoric
8 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Barsana Monastery

judetul Maramures, Maramures

The Monastery “Synaxis of the 12 Holy Apostles" from Barsana is a convent, located at 22 km southeast of the Sighetu Marmatiei city, at the exit of Barsana, to the Slatioara bridge, where t [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios | Biserica, Categoria: Religios
21 x Images
6 x videos
UNESCO

Voronet Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Founded by Stefan cel Mare, Voronet Monastery church dedicated to "St. Gheorghe" is a synthesis of Byzantine and Gothic elements, made in an original manner. With a brilliant ingenuity, with [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
18 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA)

Delta Dunarii, judetul Tulcea

With Romania's adhesion to the Ramsar Convention in 1991, Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA) was recognized as a wetland of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat. Taking into ac [read more]

Parc, Categoria: Natura
12 x Images
0 x videos
UNESCO

Humor Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Situated at a distance of 5 to 6 km of Gura Humorului, Humor Monastery is one of the most famous foundations of the Romanian Middle Ages. It was built in 1530 by Toader Bubuiog, member of the divan of [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
7 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Hurezi (Horezu) Monastery

Horezu, judetul Valcea

Among the historical monasteries, which decorates the Romanian ground, Hurezi Monastery is considered, along with its hermitages, the most representative architecture complex, defining the Brancoveanu [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
9 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The National History Museum of Romania

Bucuresti, Muntenia

Phone021 3158207
021 3157056
AddressCalea Victoriei, 12
Emaildirect@mnir.ro

Description

The National History Museum of Romania defines the visitor's eyes a detailed picture of Romania's history with the most valuable components present in the national heritage, in a harmonious and logical arrangement.

The Romanian National History Museum
was opened to the public in 1972 and for the Romanian culture is the most important repository of valuable historical heritage objects.

It was created with the support and efforts of academic professors, researchers and museographers. The idea of setting up a National Museum dates back to 1834. This museum was created in large part by Michael Ghica who donated his entire collection of antiquities.

The Romanian National History Museum
is located in downtown Bucharest, former General Post Office inside the building, nineteenth-century historical monument (built between years 1894-1900 on the ruins of an inn destroyed by fire in 1847) with neoclassical architecture, the work of architect Alexandru Savulescu.

The Romanian National History Museum
offers to the public two exhibitions: the Historic Treasure and the Lapidary (including a copy of Trajan's Column). The Historic Treasure Room illustrates over 3,000 exhibits, gold pieces and precious stones, describing important milestones, events and important names of Romanian history and civilization.

The beauty and value of gold pieces have been existed in history for over 7000 years. Among the most representative objects from the treasury of the room: the oldest objects of gold, in Romania (V millennium BC), hoards of ornaments and signs of authority belonging to the northern Thracian (II millennium BC) and Geto-Dacian kings (V-III centuries BC), written in gold evidence of cohabitation of the Dacians with the Romans (II-IV centuries AD), personal items of the sovereigns of modern Romania, royal pieces illustrating important historical events.

The Treasure Room is an essential sightseeing for the lovers of history, managing to evoke the history of Romanian territory with impressive collections of works in gold and precious stones, in which every object has its own identity, to which adds a fascinating story that unfolds from the moment that metal has become an artifact, until its exposure in a window.

The Lapidary exhibition is structured on two levels, in a room specially built.  At the lower level you can find a copy of the Column of Trajan, and different parts of ancient and medieval stone, displayed chronologically.

Trajan's Column shows a spiral band of 200 meters, arranged obliquely on the time column as the largest relief sculpture of all antiquity. The work of the architect Apolodor of Damasc, Trajan's Column is represented on reliefs scenes depicting two Dacian wars of 101-102, 105-106 AD, imposing the fight scenes or those in which the emperor Traian addressed army scenes in number of 154.

Trajan's Column is a valuable memorial and funeral monument but an important historical document because it presents the consecution of the two Dacian wars, one of the few evidence remaining in history proving the existence of these wars.

The rest of the works were lost, including that of the Emperor Trajan "Dacica", which is said to have been used as a model for sculpting of the column. The collection of ancient and medieval pieces of marble, limestone, sandstone, found in Romania, are framed chronologically between the fourth century BC and eighteenth century, is on display at the top level of the museum.

The pieces are displayed in groups: decrees, funerary monuments, honorific, votive, Greek and Roman architectural pieces, Roman-Byzantine statues, plastic and decorative medieval funeral, representing the Roman styles, late Gothic, Renaissance style Transylvanian or Brancovenesc style.

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