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Sighisoara Fortress

Sighisoara, judetul Mures

Sighisoara is a medieval fortress with architectural ensembles made in rural Gothic style, but also in Renaissance and Baroque styles, which are the result of a constructive effort appeared later in t [read more]

Cetate, Categoria: Istoric
8 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Barsana Monastery

judetul Maramures, Maramures

The Monastery “Synaxis of the 12 Holy Apostles" from Barsana is a convent, located at 22 km southeast of the Sighetu Marmatiei city, at the exit of Barsana, to the Slatioara bridge, where t [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios | Biserica, Categoria: Religios
21 x Images
6 x videos
UNESCO

Voronet Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Founded by Stefan cel Mare, Voronet Monastery church dedicated to "St. Gheorghe" is a synthesis of Byzantine and Gothic elements, made in an original manner. With a brilliant ingenuity, with [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
18 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA)

Delta Dunarii, judetul Tulcea

With Romania's adhesion to the Ramsar Convention in 1991, Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA) was recognized as a wetland of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat. Taking into ac [read more]

Parc, Categoria: Natura
12 x Images
0 x videos
UNESCO

Humor Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Situated at a distance of 5 to 6 km of Gura Humorului, Humor Monastery is one of the most famous foundations of the Romanian Middle Ages. It was built in 1530 by Toader Bubuiog, member of the divan of [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
7 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Hurezi (Horezu) Monastery

Horezu, judetul Valcea

Among the historical monasteries, which decorates the Romanian ground, Hurezi Monastery is considered, along with its hermitages, the most representative architecture complex, defining the Brancoveanu [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
9 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Patriarchal Complex

Bucuresti, Muntenia

Phone021 4067167 relatii publice
021 4067171 relatii bisericesti
021 4067172
AddressAleea Dealul Mitropoliei, 25
Emailexterne@patriarhia.ro
presa@patriarhia.ro
patriarhia@patriarhia.ro

Description

The Patriarchal Cathedral of Bucharest is situated on the Mitropoly Hill, near Union Square (Piata Unirii) and is the center of the Romanian Orthodox religion. In 1655 the Patriarchate was established by the Wallachian ruler Serban Basarab in 1698 and the construction was completed by ruler Constantin Brancoveanu.

The church is dedicated to "Saint Constantin and Helen"
, was consecrated by Macarius, Patriarch of Antioch and all the East, together with the Metropolitan and bishops of the Romanian Country. The first paintings of the church's interior was completed in 1665. The church is changed in Metropolitan Cathedral through a document signed by ruler Radu Leon (1664-1669). With this transformation is recovered and enlarged to old house of the abbot.

The Patriarchal Cathedral
impresses with monumentality - indoor 28-meter-long, with a nave of 14.6 meters and is the host of every religious official. Here was made in 1688 the Bible from Bucharest, the first complete translation of the Bible in Romanian.
The Bible of Bucharest is an impressive and valuable work and played a vital role in the Romanian literary.

The architect Gheorghe Simotta, between years 1932-1935, adds another body to the palace that is currently the main body of the palace, consisting of the Great Hall of the Throne, the Offices of the Patriarchate, Patriarch's apartment and several other rooms.

The Romanian Orthodox Church was elevated to the patriarchate rang in 1925. Thus became the Metropolitan Cathedral became Patriarchal Cathedral and the metropolitan residence - the residence of the patriarch.

The Patriarchal Cathedral
church is built in the style of church built by Neagoe Basarab between 1512-1517. However the monument in Bucharest enjoys a beauty: built on a higher foundation, has a larger narthex and four identical higher columns, the external decoration consists of two registers separated by a stone belt composed by three twisted beading.

The frescoes were made by Demetrius Belizarie between years 1932-1935. The northern niche of the narthex houses relics of St. Dimitrie cel Nou brought inside the Patriarchate in 1774 and placed in a coffin of silver richly ornamented.

In the southern part of the narthex are found the graves of the first, second and the fourth of the Romanian Patriarchs - Miron (d. 1939), Nicodemus (d. 1948) and Justin (d. 1968).

The four imperial icons were designed by Otilia Oteteleseanu and performed in workshops of the Bible Institute in Bucharest between years 1961-1964 at the request of the third Romanian Patriarch, Justin (d. 1977).

The bell tower was built by ruler Constantin Brancoveanu (1688-1714) and finished in 1698. At the exterior of the church, to the altar, the round column with inscriptions was made to commemorate the metropolitans Teodosie (d. 1708) and Stefan the II (d. 1738).

The "Trinity" was built in 1959 and represents an ensemble of 3 crosses carved in stone, which is located in the north of the Cathedral. It is assumed that the highest cross from the "Trinity" ensemble dates from the time of ruler Petru Cercel (1538-1585) and the other two date from 1617 and respectively 1644.


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