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Sighisoara Fortress

Sighisoara, judetul Mures

Sighisoara is a medieval fortress with architectural ensembles made in rural Gothic style, but also in Renaissance and Baroque styles, which are the result of a constructive effort appeared later in t [read more]

Cetate, Categoria: Istoric
8 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Barsana Monastery

judetul Maramures, Maramures

The Monastery “Synaxis of the 12 Holy Apostles" from Barsana is a convent, located at 22 km southeast of the Sighetu Marmatiei city, at the exit of Barsana, to the Slatioara bridge, where t [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios | Biserica, Categoria: Religios
21 x Images
6 x videos
UNESCO

Voronet Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Founded by Stefan cel Mare, Voronet Monastery church dedicated to "St. Gheorghe" is a synthesis of Byzantine and Gothic elements, made in an original manner. With a brilliant ingenuity, with [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
18 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA)

Delta Dunarii, judetul Tulcea

With Romania's adhesion to the Ramsar Convention in 1991, Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA) was recognized as a wetland of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat. Taking into ac [read more]

Parc, Categoria: Natura
12 x Images
0 x videos
UNESCO

Humor Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Situated at a distance of 5 to 6 km of Gura Humorului, Humor Monastery is one of the most famous foundations of the Romanian Middle Ages. It was built in 1530 by Toader Bubuiog, member of the divan of [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
7 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Hurezi (Horezu) Monastery

Horezu, judetul Valcea

Among the historical monasteries, which decorates the Romanian ground, Hurezi Monastery is considered, along with its hermitages, the most representative architecture complex, defining the Brancoveanu [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
9 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Roman-Catholic Cathedral

Alba-Iulia, judetul Alba

AddressMihai Viteazu

Description

The Roman-Catholic Cathedral, the most valuable monument of medieval architecture in Transylvania, the same age with the famous Notre Dame, was built on the site of a church destroyed by the Tartars in 1241.

The present edifice, in late Romanesque style, was built in two phases (1247-1291 and 1320-1356). Iancu de Hunedoara restored it and made it his family necropolis. The building was conceived as a basilica with three naves, gallery with three semicircular altars, tower over the square and two towers on the western side, then having two naves in the gallery area added that harmoniously combine elements of Romance with Gothic .

The most important building from the early Renaissance in Transylvania is undoubtedly the Lazo Chapel, located on the north side of the cathedral. Inside it there is a ribbed late Gothic vault, with the vault key decorated with coat of arms belonging to personalities of Transylvania. Inside the cathedral lies Iancu de Hunedoara's sarcophagus, along with those of his brother Johannes Miles, his older son Ladislau (located in the nave's south side) and those of Queen Isabella and her son John Sigismund (located in the opposite side nave). In the 16th century completions were made: a chapel on the north side (in Italian Renaissance style) and the frescoes inside.

Between 1550 and 1700, the cathedral was taken over by Unitarians and Calvinists, and at the beginning of the 18th century the Catholic rite was reinstated.

Between 1718 and 1737, a vault was built to the western entrance and also a triangular fronton, guarded by four statues of saints and three bas-reliefs. Inside, on the right, lie in order the Huniad sarcophaguses, executed in Gothic style and damaged during the Tartars' attacks. In the northern lateral nave rest the tomb stones of bishops and Transylvanian lay dignitaries from the 14th-15th centuries.

The Roman-Catholic Cathedral has an organ with 2,209 pipes, dating from 1877. On the outside, the cathedral is impressive through its solid and svelte buttresses of the Gothic choir. The main facade is facing North, has a pilaster in every corner and in the middle there is a portal above which an emblem of bishop Ladislau Gereb was mounted. The tower on the south side was built over a period of four centuries.

Although it includes elements from various architectural styles (Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque), the Roman Catholic Cathedral is presented as a representative monument of late Romanesque architecture.

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