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Sighisoara Fortress

Sighisoara, judetul Mures

Sighisoara is a medieval fortress with architectural ensembles made in rural Gothic style, but also in Renaissance and Baroque styles, which are the result of a constructive effort appeared later in t [read more]

Cetate, Categoria: Istoric
8 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Barsana Monastery

judetul Maramures, Maramures

The Monastery “Synaxis of the 12 Holy Apostles" from Barsana is a convent, located at 22 km southeast of the Sighetu Marmatiei city, at the exit of Barsana, to the Slatioara bridge, where t [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios | Biserica, Categoria: Religios
21 x Images
6 x videos
UNESCO

Voronet Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Founded by Stefan cel Mare, Voronet Monastery church dedicated to "St. Gheorghe" is a synthesis of Byzantine and Gothic elements, made in an original manner. With a brilliant ingenuity, with [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
18 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA)

Delta Dunarii, judetul Tulcea

With Romania's adhesion to the Ramsar Convention in 1991, Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA) was recognized as a wetland of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat. Taking into ac [read more]

Parc, Categoria: Natura
12 x Images
0 x videos
UNESCO

Humor Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Situated at a distance of 5 to 6 km of Gura Humorului, Humor Monastery is one of the most famous foundations of the Romanian Middle Ages. It was built in 1530 by Toader Bubuiog, member of the divan of [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
7 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Hurezi (Horezu) Monastery

Horezu, judetul Valcea

Among the historical monasteries, which decorates the Romanian ground, Hurezi Monastery is considered, along with its hermitages, the most representative architecture complex, defining the Brancoveanu [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
9 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The South Gate of the Roman Camp

Alba-Iulia, judetul Alba

AddressAleea Sf. Eugeniu

Description

After entering the route, on the right you can see the ruins of the South Gate (Principalis Dextra) of the Roman Camp and a part of a Roman fortification wall, built starting with 106 AD. The Camp has a quadrilateral shape, with an area of approximately 37 hectares (750x500 m) and it was provided with a gate on each side. One can still reconstruct the southern side of the camp's wall, whose thickness varies between 1.5m-2m and the Gate "Principalis Dextra", flanked by two towers whose foundation can still be seen.

The construction of the camp was determined by the positioning of Legion XIII Gemina in this important area. The legion was just dislocated out of Vindobona (now Vienna) and was intended to guard the auriferous deposits and the road transport of gold to Rome. The beginning of migratory waves caused the withdrawal of Roman armies (around 271-275 AD) to the natural border of the Danube, much easier to defend.

The native population continued to cohabit with the legions of veterans who received land, settled in the area and fought the migratory people. Thus, in the following period, Alba Iulia (old Apulum) becomes the political centre of local or areal leaders. In 1000, the Hungarian Kingdom was founded by Stephen I of Hungary (Saint Stephen, Szent Istvan in Hungarian). Following the Christianization of King Stephen through his coronation by Pope Silvester II, several bishoprics are established in the Hungarian Kingdom, including the Transylvania Episcopate, with residence in Alba Iulia.

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