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Sighisoara Fortress

Sighisoara, judetul Mures

Sighisoara is a medieval fortress with architectural ensembles made in rural Gothic style, but also in Renaissance and Baroque styles, which are the result of a constructive effort appeared later in t [read more]

Cetate, Categoria: Istoric
8 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Barsana Monastery

judetul Maramures, Maramures

The Monastery “Synaxis of the 12 Holy Apostles" from Barsana is a convent, located at 22 km southeast of the Sighetu Marmatiei city, at the exit of Barsana, to the Slatioara bridge, where t [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios | Biserica, Categoria: Religios
21 x Images
6 x videos
UNESCO

Voronet Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Founded by Stefan cel Mare, Voronet Monastery church dedicated to "St. Gheorghe" is a synthesis of Byzantine and Gothic elements, made in an original manner. With a brilliant ingenuity, with [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
18 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA)

Delta Dunarii, judetul Tulcea

With Romania's adhesion to the Ramsar Convention in 1991, Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA) was recognized as a wetland of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat. Taking into ac [read more]

Parc, Categoria: Natura
12 x Images
0 x videos
UNESCO

Humor Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Situated at a distance of 5 to 6 km of Gura Humorului, Humor Monastery is one of the most famous foundations of the Romanian Middle Ages. It was built in 1530 by Toader Bubuiog, member of the divan of [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
7 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Hurezi (Horezu) Monastery

Horezu, judetul Valcea

Among the historical monasteries, which decorates the Romanian ground, Hurezi Monastery is considered, along with its hermitages, the most representative architecture complex, defining the Brancoveanu [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
9 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The gates of Muramures

judetul Maramures, Maramures

Description

Maramures is situated, as the result of Austrian statistics from the XVIII century, on the "first place in the empire, in terms of percentage of the total nobility population in the county". In this sense we can say that, at some point, Maramures has been a unique imperial enclave, populated by peasants of noble filiation. The gates with carved pillars and tiles are a relic of a social organization that functioned until the twentieth century.

The famous wooden gates of the households originating from Maramures, met mainly in the villages of the valleys Mara, Cosau and Iza but in some places in the Lapusu Country. The Gates from Muramures can be compared to real "triumphal arches, under which peasants passed with dignity". They are generally built on three pillars and a "Fruntar" (the above threshold of the gate) of oak, with "haizasul" (the roof).

All the gates of Maramures are remains of a special historical reality: in the feudal period, from the Maramures parish raised a class of “cneji”, who regularly chose their ruler, power and noble privileges. They were carefully fragmented and distributed to a number of increasingly large families. But this chaste (at perish scale) withstood for centuries against the attempts of liquidation of privileges.

”Nemesii” were those who had the privilege to raise high gates in front of the households, while ordinary people were not allowed that, only in Vranic (the gates were made of poles mounted parallel on a rectangular frame with a diagonal, to fix). This illustrates the tendency, preserved until today, to categorize the status of householders by gates. Nowadays, when you ask a villager about anyone of them, elderly people show you "the gate" of the house where they lives. This indicates an attachment to these values of the local construction, with deep roots in the traditions of culture and art, and in social and political history of Maramures.

The act of crossing under gate, the building itself and the incising motives, have incurred each one a particular ritual on the basis of deep faith, with mythical connotations. To remove any misfortune around the household and all "bad clocks, cut oak must coincide with a period of full moon. In the virtue of the faith that the wood will bring good luck; the transport of the wood from the forest had to be done in one working day "sweet day" (Tuesday, Thursday or Saturday). And not to be approach by the plague, under the pole that connects the threshold, there are put "money, holy water and incense”. And the protection of the assets and the house, on the Poles are incised anthropomorphic figures, protective.

The magical substrate found in the motifs carved on the gates, permits us to realize a voyage to a mythical universe: rope, knots, rosettes solar - with variations: simple circles, concentric circles, sun with human face, all with the original ancestral worship a solar - and then the tree of life ( "life without death symbol of fertility and the endless life"), ground snake (keeper of household), the human face, birds, wolf's tooth, tree etc.

The mental purification of all illness of the world can be cured by passing under the gate. This becomes almost a ceremonial act. The passing under a gate makes you a better and more purified person and you can cleanly enter the household of the family. Passing under a gate, more or less grand, represents in all traditional cultures, a transformation (surface or structural, physical or virtual).

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