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Sighisoara Fortress

Sighisoara, judetul Mures

Sighisoara is a medieval fortress with architectural ensembles made in rural Gothic style, but also in Renaissance and Baroque styles, which are the result of a constructive effort appeared later in t [read more]

Cetate, Categoria: Istoric
8 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Barsana Monastery

judetul Maramures, Maramures

The Monastery “Synaxis of the 12 Holy Apostles" from Barsana is a convent, located at 22 km southeast of the Sighetu Marmatiei city, at the exit of Barsana, to the Slatioara bridge, where t [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios | Biserica, Categoria: Religios
21 x Images
6 x videos
UNESCO

Voronet Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Founded by Stefan cel Mare, Voronet Monastery church dedicated to "St. Gheorghe" is a synthesis of Byzantine and Gothic elements, made in an original manner. With a brilliant ingenuity, with [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
18 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA)

Delta Dunarii, judetul Tulcea

With Romania's adhesion to the Ramsar Convention in 1991, Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA) was recognized as a wetland of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat. Taking into ac [read more]

Parc, Categoria: Natura
12 x Images
0 x videos
UNESCO

Humor Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Situated at a distance of 5 to 6 km of Gura Humorului, Humor Monastery is one of the most famous foundations of the Romanian Middle Ages. It was built in 1530 by Toader Bubuiog, member of the divan of [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
7 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Hurezi (Horezu) Monastery

Horezu, judetul Valcea

Among the historical monasteries, which decorates the Romanian ground, Hurezi Monastery is considered, along with its hermitages, the most representative architecture complex, defining the Brancoveanu [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
9 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

Tinovul Mare Reserve

Vatra Dornei, judetul Suceava

AddressCom. Poiana Stampei,

Description

Situated within the village Poiana Stampei, Tinovul Mare Reservation has an area of 675 ha. This presents a great scientific interest because there have been preserved relics from different climatal eras, with an age of tens of thousands of years and is also the largest reserve of peat in Romania.

In the village Poiana Stampei, surrounded by hills Smida, Casoi, Ciungii Chiperenilor, on the left of the national road Vatra Dornei - Bistrita, it is the Reservation Tinovul Mare. By crossing a wooden bridge over the Casoi streamlet, you may enter into Tinov.
Situated at an altitude of 880 m, this swamp, declared natural monument in 1955, is crossed by a 900m long wooden bridge that allows visiting the reserve. The acidity of muscle layers that allowed the undebased preservation of pollen deposited in layers of peat over thousands of years, represents the scientific importance of the reserve. The analysis can determine time evolution of peat formation thousands of years ago.

Soil and water are highly acidic, colored with graduated shades of brown, predominantly humic acids. In this respect, bacterial flora totally missing due to acidity and lack of oxygen. The tests and trials conducted by Emil Pop, concluded the existence of the following sequence of vegetation:
  • Phase spruce-beech-fir, the most recent is the beech phase;
  • Phase of spruce-pine, with traces of peanuts and mixed Stejaris (with elm and linden), least represented as crossing the early boreal stage;
  • Phase spruce-hornbeam;
  • Phase pine-hazel-mixed Stejaris, mainly spruce, including the postglacial warm weather and up to southern boreal;
  • Phase of pine mixed with spruce, willow and birch partially.
The fauna, besides representatives of the mountain region, features some relicts of very far areas: Greenland, Scotland, Far East, such as Macrobiatus dubrus - unknown in Central and Southern Europe, an ant (Forni fusca Picea) and spiders Tetragantha Pinicola, Therium undulatum and Drasodes margaritella.

The herbaceous flora is composed of species as: fern (Dryopteris cristata), "merisor" (Vaccinium vitis-idea), blueberries (Vaccinium myrtilus), "rachiteaua" (Vaccinium oxicocos), "ruginarea" (Andromeda polyfolia), "vuietoarea" (Empetrum nigrum), sedge (Carex pauciflora ), and the muscles - Saphagnum wulfianum - arctic and subarctic relict characteristic of peripheral regions.

Currently the dominant wood species in the swamp Poaina Stampei is the pine (Pinus silvestris turfosa form) which grows hard, reaching diameters between 10-22 cm at the age of about 100 years, downy birch (Betula pubescens) and some hybrids (Betula hybrida, Betula warnstorffii), and species like mountain ash, aspen and spruce (which form the protection zone).

So, this reserve preserves both relict species and the current species, emphasizing the evolutionary process of species over the years. They are a testament to the passage of time, their existence being extremely valuable for the study of species succession and rational exploitation of peat for its outstanding qualities (clean, isolated, medicinal peat, fertilizer for flowers etc.).


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