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Sighisoara Fortress

Sighisoara, judetul Mures

Sighisoara is a medieval fortress with architectural ensembles made in rural Gothic style, but also in Renaissance and Baroque styles, which are the result of a constructive effort appeared later in t [read more]

Cetate, Categoria: Istoric
8 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Barsana Monastery

judetul Maramures, Maramures

The Monastery “Synaxis of the 12 Holy Apostles" from Barsana is a convent, located at 22 km southeast of the Sighetu Marmatiei city, at the exit of Barsana, to the Slatioara bridge, where t [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios | Biserica, Categoria: Religios
21 x Images
6 x videos
UNESCO

Voronet Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Founded by Stefan cel Mare, Voronet Monastery church dedicated to "St. Gheorghe" is a synthesis of Byzantine and Gothic elements, made in an original manner. With a brilliant ingenuity, with [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
18 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA)

Delta Dunarii, judetul Tulcea

With Romania's adhesion to the Ramsar Convention in 1991, Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA) was recognized as a wetland of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat. Taking into ac [read more]

Parc, Categoria: Natura
12 x Images
0 x videos
UNESCO

Humor Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Situated at a distance of 5 to 6 km of Gura Humorului, Humor Monastery is one of the most famous foundations of the Romanian Middle Ages. It was built in 1530 by Toader Bubuiog, member of the divan of [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
7 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Hurezi (Horezu) Monastery

Horezu, judetul Valcea

Among the historical monasteries, which decorates the Romanian ground, Hurezi Monastery is considered, along with its hermitages, the most representative architecture complex, defining the Brancoveanu [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
9 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

Traian's Bridge

Drobeta Turnu Severin, judetul Mehedinti

AddressIndependentei, 2

Description

Traian's Bridge was built between 103-105 at the order of Emperor Traian by famous architect of antiquity Apolodor of Damascus.
It was the longest bridge in the Roman Empire, which facilitated the passage of the Romans to conquer Dacia. Today you can see only the foot of the bridge in the region Portile de Fier Museum Park.

For its building it was used a superstructure of wood attached to twenty stone pillars. On the Column of Traian we can distinguish a stylized image of the bridge, with fewer towers, but in principle, the confirmation of the written sources that allows the recognition of the  combination of wood and stone.

It was estimated that the bridge measured 1135 meters in length, linking Pontes Camp on the southern coast to Drobeta settlement on the northern coast. The last one became the first Roman possession after the Dacian War (101-102). After Dio Cassius (LXVIII, 13.1) the bridge had about 50 meters in height and 12 in width. Procopius from Cesarea gave us the most detailed description of the construction process, in the paper De aedificis (IV, 6). According to that, the Romans partially diverted the river using the riverbed of a southern tributary, which ran dry. Thus the first 10-12 pillars were built on land. For building the others, cemented casings of oak beams and systems of pumps were used.

The builder used wooden arches set on twenty poles situated at a distance of 52 meters and built with bricks, mortar and pozzolana cement. The twenty pillars could still be seen in the year 1856, when the Danube was very low. In 1906, the International Danube Commission decided to destroy the two pillars that impede the navigation. In 1932, there were 16 remaining pillars under water, but in 1982 only 12 were found by archaeologists, the remaining four were probably taken by water in the meantime. But even today you can see the first and last pole on the shores of the Danube. Traian's Bridge is a historic monument that is part of the national cultural heritage.

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