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Sighisoara Fortress

Sighisoara, judetul Mures

Sighisoara is a medieval fortress with architectural ensembles made in rural Gothic style, but also in Renaissance and Baroque styles, which are the result of a constructive effort appeared later in t [read more]

Cetate, Categoria: Istoric
8 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Barsana Monastery

judetul Maramures, Maramures

The Monastery “Synaxis of the 12 Holy Apostles" from Barsana is a convent, located at 22 km southeast of the Sighetu Marmatiei city, at the exit of Barsana, to the Slatioara bridge, where t [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios | Biserica, Categoria: Religios
21 x Images
6 x videos
UNESCO

Voronet Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Founded by Stefan cel Mare, Voronet Monastery church dedicated to "St. Gheorghe" is a synthesis of Byzantine and Gothic elements, made in an original manner. With a brilliant ingenuity, with [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
18 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA)

Delta Dunarii, judetul Tulcea

With Romania's adhesion to the Ramsar Convention in 1991, Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBRA) was recognized as a wetland of international importance especially as waterfowl habitat. Taking into ac [read more]

Parc, Categoria: Natura
12 x Images
0 x videos
UNESCO

Humor Monastery

Gura Humorului, judetul Suceava

Situated at a distance of 5 to 6 km of Gura Humorului, Humor Monastery is one of the most famous foundations of the Romanian Middle Ages. It was built in 1530 by Toader Bubuiog, member of the divan of [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
7 x Images
2 x videos
UNESCO

Hurezi (Horezu) Monastery

Horezu, judetul Valcea

Among the historical monasteries, which decorates the Romanian ground, Hurezi Monastery is considered, along with its hermitages, the most representative architecture complex, defining the Brancoveanu [read more]

Manastire, Categoria: Religios
9 x Images
1 x videos
UNESCO

Turda Salt Mine

Turda, judetul Cluj

AddressSalinelor, 54A

Description

Turda Salt Mine is located in the region of Durgau-Valea Sarata, Turda. The entry into the salt mine is made from the Street Salinelor 54A (district Turda-Noua), through the Franz Joseph access gallery.

The salt deposits from Ardeal were formed with 13.5 million of years ago, in a sea with a small depth, where was a tropical climate, very hot. The layer of salt is spread all over the subsoil of Transylvania, with a thickness of about 400 meters. There have been systematically exploited over time in Ocna Dej, Cojocna, Turda, Ocna Mures, Ocna Sibiu and Praid.

The thick layers of sediments which subsequently deposited on top, with a big weight the malleable layer of salt that looked for weaker areas of the earth shell at the bounds of Transylvania, where came out in the form of mushrooms with altitudes of over 1000 meters, reaching even to the earth's surface. In Turda the salt mushroom has a height of about 1200 meters.

There is archaeological evidence of salt exploitation in Durga-Turda from the pre-Roman period (50 BC-106 AC). The Salt from Durgau has been exploited by the Romans (106-274 AD) in the pyramidal rooms of 17-34 meters deep and 10-12 meters wide.
The Romans also exploited the salt massif neighbouring the salt massif from Durgau, from the Roman Baths (in the current pool area).

The first document known up to now with reference to the salt from Turda is the one issued by the Hungarian office in 1075, where is mentioned the custom of salt mines from Turda. This custom point was near the former Roman bridge (used during the Middle Ages until the end of the eighteenth century), on the place of the later fortified settlement called Szentmiklos (Sf. Nicolae, St. Nicholas in English).

During the XV-XVII centuries, were open in Durgau 4 underground mines, during the Hungarian domination of the Salt Mine from Turda:
Horizont salt mine (synonym Nagydorgo = Durgaul Mare - the Big Durgau),
Katalin salt mine,
Felso-Akna salt mine (synonyms, in chronological order: Obere Grube = Ocna de Sus and Karoline = Carolina) and
Iosif (Joseph) salt Mine.

In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, were open in Durgau a total of 5 underground salt mines, during the Austrian domination in Turda Salt Mine: Anton salt mine, Theresa salt mine (Maria Theresia), Cojocneana salt mine (Kolozser), Rudolf salt mine (Rudolph, renamed in 1889, after the suicide of Austrian Prince Rudolph, in Nicholas salt mine, then received the old name of Rudolph) and Ghizela salt mine (Gisela).

In 1690, the Theresa salt mine was opened, in shape of a bell. Then followed 2 other salt mines in the shape of a bell (Anton and Cojocneana), and 2 mines with modern trapezoidal profile (Rudolf and Ghizela).

The operation at Turda Salt Mine was finally stopped in 1932 because of the small amount and the low quality of technical equipment, low efficiency and competition of other salt mines in Transylvania.
Turda Salt Mine
opened again in 1992 ( tourist and curative purposes) and can be visited all year round. There are still well preserved the medieval machines from the mine (one in Europe), such as blacksmiths, salt mill. Also, the altar carved in the salt wall can be still seen .

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